The operating system is not only Windows. There are other operating systems that you can use, one of which is Ubuntu. Unlike the paid Windows, you can use Ubuntu for free and legally.
Although it’s free, Ubuntu is a good quality operating system. Even Ubuntu is known to be more immune to attacks such as viruses and malware. In addition, this operating system is also widely used by developers because it supports many programming languages and is easy to use for database configuration.
In this article, we will explain in full how to install Ubuntu Desktop 18.04.
Things You Need To Prepare For Install Ubuntu:
Before installing Ubuntu Desktop, make sure you have prepared the following tools:
- Computer Specifications: Make sure the computer that you will install has a minimum specification of 2GB RAM, 6GB Disk Space, and a VGA graphics card resolution of 640 × 480.
- Download Ubuntu: To download Ubuntu, you can directly visit the official Ubuntu website.
- Flash Disk: Used to store a bootable from Ubuntu that works to install Ubuntu on a computer.
After preparing the tools above, you can follow the steps on how to install Ubuntu Desktop 18.04 below:
How to Install Ubuntu Desktop 18.04
Following are the steps on how to install Ubuntu Desktop 18.04:
Step 1: Boot Ubuntu
First, insert the bootable flashdisk from Ubuntu into your computer’s USB. Then, turn on your computer.
When the boot process is running (the motherboard or laptop brand logo appears), you must immediately press the F2 / F10 / DEL keyboard shortcut button to enter the computer BIOS page.
You can only select one of the keyboard shortcuts above because each computer has a different shortcut.
Then change the boot device to the USB device that you are using and save the changes by pressing F10 > Save & Exit.
Step 2: Select Install Ubuntu
After successfully booting Ubuntu, you will be directed to the Ubuntu installation page, as shown below.
There are two choices when you want to install Ubuntu, namely Try Ubuntu and Install Ubuntu.
You can choose Try Ubuntu if you only want to see some Ubuntu features without having to install it permanently. If you are sure to install Ubuntu on a computer, you can immediately select Install Ubuntu.
Click Install Ubuntu to begin the Ubuntu installation.
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Step 3: Select the Keyboard Layout
Next, you need to choose the keyboard layout. You are free to choose any layout. In this guide, how to install Ubuntu, we chose the default layout from Ubuntu. After selecting the keyboard layout that you want, click Continue.
Step 4: Select the Ubuntu Installation Type
There are two types of installations that you can do as a way to install Ubuntu, namely Normal Installation and Minimal Installation.
Normal Installation allows you to install a number of additional applications such as web browsers, utilities, office software, games, and media players. While the minimal installation will only provide additional web browser software and basic utilities, usually, this option is used because of minimal hard disk space.
In this tutorial, we chose Normal Installation. Click Continue to continue the installation.
Step 5: Adjust the Installation Hard Disk Partition
After the steps above, you need to divide the hard disk partition. Select Something else and click Continue. Then the display will appear as in the image below.
Click New Partition Table to create a new partition on the hard disk. Make sure your hard disk is empty. If the hard disk is not empty and you select New Partition Table, all files on the hard disk will be deleted and cannot be restored.
If you are sure that the hard disk is empty, click Continue to continue the process of creating a partition.
Then there will be a new menu list for free space. Select the (+) button, and a display will appear as shown below.
Then you need to fill in the details of the partition you want to create. Fill in the following data:
- Size: Enter the amount of storage size to be used.
- Type For The New Partition: Select the Primary or Logical partition type. Primary is used to save the Ubuntu installation. Whereas Logical is used to store common files on your computer.
- Mount Point: Enter the symbol / which indicates that this is a system partition.
After filling in the information accordingly, click OK to save the changes. The following are the results of partitioning:
Click the Install Now button to continue the Ubuntu installation process.
Step 6: Select Location Timezone
Next, select your location timezone. Its function is to adjust the time and date on the computer. In this tutorial, we set the timezone location in Newyork. Click Continue to continue the installation process.
Step 7: Fill in User Data
After that, you need to create a new user on Ubuntu. The following information you need to fill in to create a new user:
- Username: Used to give your computer an identity.
- Username: Its function is to log into the Linux operating system
- Password: Enter the password that you want to use to log in Linux.
Then click Continue to continue the installation process.
Step 8: The install process
After successfully creating a new user, Ubuntu will continue the installation process. You only need to wait until the installation is complete. If the installation process is complete, you need to reboot the computer.
Step 9: Login Ubuntu
After rebooting the computer, you can start using Ubuntu by entering the username and password that you created earlier.
After successfully logging in, you will be directed to the Ubuntu desktop page, as shown below.
Then you can start operating Ubuntu and learn to use basic Linux commands.
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The Advantages of Using Ubuntu
After learning how to install Ubuntu, you need to know the advantages of using it. Ubuntu has become one of the developers’ favorite operating systems for several reasons, namely:
1. Support Many Programming Languages
2. Easy Installation
The Ubuntu installation process is very easy because it already has an easy-to-understand interface.
3. Free and Open Source
Ubuntu is perfect for novice developers because it’s a free and open source. You don’t need to spend any money on licenses. In addition, because it is open source, you can change it according to your needs.
4. Complete Tools
As a developer, of course, you need a lot of tools to get your work done. The good news, Ubuntu supports a variety of tools that will make it easier for you. Examples such as Pinegrow, Visual Studio Code, Git, Unity Tweak Tool and many more.
5. Real Time Update
Ubuntu also provides regular updates to ensure various types of bugs have been fixed, and there may be new features added to the update.
Compared to other operating systems, Ubuntu has the best security system. Ubuntu uses UNIX-based systems that are difficult to hack or insert other malicious programs. Therefore, you don’t need to use anti-virus if you are using Ubuntu.
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If the installation is successful, you can use a computer with an Ubuntu OS for any purpose, just like when using Windows.
The difference is, in Ubuntu, you have the flexibility to customize from changing the look of Linux according to your needs, displaying some system information to the desktop, changing icons on Linux, and much more.