Are you looking for a download link for the CSO, ISO or Android PPSSPP game that is smooth and light to play? This time Droidcops.com will share it for free for you, don’t hesitate because there are about 100 games more that you can download for free.
PSP is a handheld game console made and marketed by Sony. The PSP was the first game console to use a UMD / Universal Media Disc for storage and abandoned the conventional ROM cartridge.
However, in the past, it was very rare to have a PSP, so not many people played it. But now it’s no longer an obstacle to playing PSP games because there is already a PPSSPP emulator for Android, iOS, and PC.
PPSSPP is a PSP (PlayStation Portable) emulator that can run the majority of games made for this portable console made by Sony. This emulator has two versions named PPSSPP and PPSSPP Gold.
Download PPSSPP GOLD Latest Version:
To make it easier for you to choose, we have prepared an alphabetical order from A to Z.
Download PPSSPP Game (A – E)
|Assassin’s Creed – Bloodlines||419 MB||Download|
|Aliens vs. Predator – Requiem||265 MB||Download|
|Army of Two – The 40th Day||632 MB||Download|
|Asphalt – Urban GT 2 (Europe)||281 MB||Download|
|Avatar – The Last Airbender||124 MB||Download|
|Astro Boy – The Video Game||794 MB||Download|
|Ape Escape Academy||130 MB||Download|
|Bakugan Battle Brawlers – Defenders of the Core||646 MB||Download|
|Ben 10 – Alien Force||746 MB||Download|
|Ben 10 – Protector of Earth||472 MB||Download|
|Bleach – Heat the Soul 7 (Japan)||405 MB||Download|
|Burnout Dominator||305 MB||Download|
|Burnout Legend||247 MB||Download|
|Bounty Hounds||1.09 GB||Download|
|Call of Duty – Roads to Victory||465 MB||Download|
|Crash – Mind Over Mutant||1.20 GB||Download|
|Crash of the Titans||482 MB||Download|
|Crash Tag Team Racing||893 MB||Download|
|Crisis Core – Final Fantasy VII||1.04 GB||Download|
|Capcom Classics Collection Reloaded||395 MB||Download|
|Castlevania – The Dracula X Chronicles||729 MB||Download|
|Dante’s Inferno||1.39 GB||Download|
|Def Jam – Fight for NY – The Takeover||479 MB||Download|
|Disgaea 2 – Dark Hero Days||501 MB|
|Disgaea: Afternoon Of Darkness||426 MB|
|Dragon Ball Z – Shin Budokai||198 MB|
|Dead Head Fred – Kubinashi Tantei No Akumu (Japan)||111 MB||Download|
|Dynasty Warriors||109 MB|
|Dissidia 012: Duodecim Final Fantasy||1.21 GB|
|Echochrome (Europe)||73 MB||Download|
|Eiyuu Densetsu – Zero No Kiseki||260 MB||Download|
|Eyeshield 21 – Portable Edition (Japan)||44 MB||Download|
|Evangelion – Jo (Japan)||555 MB||Download|
|EA Replay: Download||97.9 MB||Download|
Download PPSSPP Game (F – J)
|Fairy Tail – Zelef Kakusei (Japan)||664 MB||Download|
|FIFA Soccer 12||750 MB||Download|
|FIFA Street 2||208 MB||Download|
|FIFA 14- Legacy Edition||700 MB||Download|
|Finder Love – Aki Hoshino – Nankoku Trouble Rendezvous (Japan)||852 MB||Download|
|Field Commander||860 MB||Download|
|FullMetal Alchemist – Brotherhood (Europe)||198 MB||Download|
|Flatout: Head On||360 MB||Download|
|F1 Grand Prix (Europe)||173 MB||Download|
|Family Guy||445 MB||Download|
|Fast And Furious: Tokyo Drift||358 MB||Download|
|Gangs of London||467 MB||Download|
|Ghost Rider||649 MB||Download|
|God of War – Ghost of Sparta||908 MB||Download|
|Grand Theft Auto – Liberty City Stories||555 MB||Download|
|Grand Theft Auto – Vice City Stories||557 MB||Download|
|Gran Turismo||955 MB||Download|
|Gundam Assault Survive (Japan)||600 MB||Download|
|Ghost in the Shell – Stand Alone Complex||216 MB||Download|
|Half-Minute Hero||120 MB||Download|
|Hanayaka Kana – Ware ga Ichizoku (Japan)||1.04 GB||Download|
|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoniex||500 MB||Download|
|Harvest Moon – Hero of Leaf Valley||103 MB||Download|
|Hatsune Miku – Project Diva 2nd (Japan)||1.06 MB||Download|
|Hannah Montana – Rock Out the Show||422 MB||Download|
|Hot Shot Golf: Open Tee||402 MB||Download|
|Hot Shot Golf: Open Tee 2||746 MB||Download|
|Hot Wheels Ultimate Racing||94 MB||Download|
|Hunter X Hunter: Wonder Adventure||411 MB||Download|
|Idolmaster SP – Wandering Star, The (Japan)||1.02 GB||Download|
|Impossible Mission (Europe)||85 MB||Download|
|Infected: Download||516 MB||Download|
|Initial D – Street Stage (Japan)||259 MB||Download|
|Innocent Life – A Futuristic Harvest Moon||206 MB||Download|
|Iron Man||392 MB||Download|
|Iron Man 2||537 MB||Download|
|Jackass the Game||1.41 GB||Download|
|Jak and Daxter – The Lost Frontier||835 MB||Download|
|Jeanne d’Arc||484 MB||Download|
|Juiced – Eliminator||573 MB||Download|
|Justice League Heroes||1.40 GB||Download|
|J-League Pro Soccer Club o Tsukurou! 6 – Pride of J (Japan)||659 MB||Download|
|Jissen Pachi-Slot Hisshouhou! Portable – Aladdin 2 Evolution (Japan)||327 MB||Download|
Download PPSSPP Game (K – O)
|Kanuchi – Futatsu no Tsubasa (UMD Disc 1) (Japan)||1.36 GB||Download|
|Kidou Senshi Gundam Seed – Rengou vs. ZAFT Portable (Japan)||430 MB||Download|
|Killzone – Liberation||315 MB||Download|
|Kingdom Hearts – Birth by Sleep||1.37 GB||Download|
|K-On! Houkago Live !! (Japan)||1.22 GB||Download|
|Kidou Senshi Gundam – Giren no Yabou – Axis no Kyoui (Japan)||932 MB||Download|
|Key of Heaven (Europe)||786 MB||Download|
|LEGO Batman – The Video Game||430 MB||Download|
|LEGO Star Wars II – The Original Trilogy||636 MB||Download|
|Little Big Planet||1.21 GB||Download|
|LocoRoco 2||1.52 GB||Download|
|Lord of Arcana||675 MB||Download|
|Lord of the Rings – Aragorn’s Quest, The||247 MB||Download|
|Lord Of The Rings: Tactics||529 MB||Download|
|Legend of Heroes – A Tear of Vermillion||19 MB||Download|
|Luxor – Pharaoh’s Challenge||35 MB||Download|
|Medal of Honor – Heroes 2||182 MB||Download|
|Metal Slug Anthology||636 MB||Download|
|Metal Slug XX||196 MB||Download|
|Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops||817 MB||Download|
|Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Plus||660 MB||Download|
|Midnight Club 3 – DUB Edition||788 MB||Download|
|Monster Hunter Freedom Unite||756 MB||Download|
|Mortal Kombat – Unchained||916 MB||Download|
|MotorStorm Arctic Edge||510 MB||Download|
|Madden NFL 12||362 MB||Download|
|Major League Baseball 2K12||1.09 GB||Download|
|Moto GP||340 MB||Download|
|Narcissu – Moshimo Ashita ga Runara (Japan)||1.2 GB||Download|
|Naruto – Ultimate Ninja Heroes||200 MB||Download|
|NBA 2K12||646 MB||Download|
|Need for Speed - Most Wanted 5-1-0||134 MB||Download|
|NeoGeo Heroes – Ultimate Shooting (Japan)||226 MB||Download|
|Namco Museum Battle Collection||78 MB||Download|
|Obscure The Aftermath||697 MB||Download|
|Off Road (Europe)||373 MB||Download|
|Open Season||698 MB||Download|
|OutRun 2006||248 MB||Download|
|Over the Hedge – Hammy Goes Nuts!||144 MB||Download|
Downalod PPSSPP Game (P – T)
|Pac-Man World Rally||138 MB||Download|
|Patapon 3||310 MB||Download|
|Petz – Dogz Family||82 MB||Download|
|PES 2019 PPSSPP – PSP Iso||900 MB||Download|
|PES 2020 PPSSPP – PSP Iso||600 MB||Download|
|Prince of Persia – The Forgotten Sands||500 MB||Download|
|Prince Of Persia: Revelations||1.23 GB||Download|
|Prince Of Persia Revelations Remastered||300 MB||Download|
|Pro Evolution Soccer 2012||1.5 GB||Download|
|Pro Evolution Soccer 2014||1.01 GB||Download|
|Pursuit Force: Extreme Justice||848 MB||Download|
|Pursuit Force||690 MB||Download|
|Pinball Hall of Fame – The Williams Collection||252 MB||Download|
|PixelJunk Monsters Deluxe||97 MB||Download|
|Pirates of the Caribbean – Dead Man’s Chest||223 MB||Download|
|Peter Jackson’s King Kong: The Eight Wonder Of The World||483 MB||Download|
|Puzzle Quest: Challenge Of The War Lord||78 MB||Download|
|Qix ++ (Japan)||68 MB||Download|
|Queen’s Blade – Spiral Chaos (Japan)||280 MB||Download|
|Queen’s Gate – Spiral Chaos (Japan)||1.08 GB||Download|
|Quiz Kidou Senshi Gundam – Monsenshi DX (Japan)||208 MB||Download|
|Race Driver 2006||900 MB||Download|
|Ratchet & Clank – Size Matters||676 MB||Download|
|Rengoku II – The Stairway to HEAVEN||355 MB||Download|
|Resistance – Retribution||1.35 GB||Download|
|Ridge Racer||568 MB||Download|
|Rock Band Unplugged||817 MB||Download|
|Ragnarok – Hikari to Yami no Koujo (Japan)||534 MB||Download|
|Rockman X – Irregular Hunter (Japan)||354 MB||Download|
|Sega Rally Revo||164 MB||Download|
|Shinobido – Tales of the Ninja (Europe)||82 MB||Download|
|Silent Hill – Shattered Memories||659 MB||Download|
|Sims 2 – Castaway, The||248 MB||Download|
|Snoopy vs the Red Baron||157 MB||Download|
|Spider-Man 3||1.40 GB||Download|
|Spider-Man 2||490 MB||Download|
|Spider-Man: Web Of Shadows||225 MB||Download|
|Spider-Man: Friend Or Foe||495 MB||Download|
|Spectral Soul: Resurrection Of The Ethereal Empire||535 MB||Download|
|Samurai Shodown Anthology||760 MB||Download|
|Scooby-Doo! Who’s Watching Who||339 MB||Download|
|Space Invaders Extreme||191 MB||Download|
|Sonic Rivals||114 MB||Download|
|Sonic Rivals 2||193 MB||Download|
|SpongeBob’s Truth And Square||1.20 GB||Download|
|Syphon Filter: Logan’s Shadow||1.10 GB||Download|
|Street Supremacy||386 MB||Download|
|Tactics Ogre – Let Us Cling Together||1.22 GB||Download|
|Tekken 6||734 MB||Download|
|Tomb Raider – Legend||1590 MB||Download|
|Tomoyo After – It’s a Wonderful Life – CS Edition (Japan)||436 MB||Download|
|Tom Clancy’s Splinter Cell||1.19 GB||Download|
|Toy Story 3||133 MB||Download|
|Tales of Destiny 2 (Japan)||898 MB||Download|
|Tenchu 4 Plus (Japan)||494 MB||Download|
|Test Drive Unlimited||912 MB||Download|
|The Simpsons Game||690 MB||Download|
|Transformers: Revenge Of The Fallen||1.08 GB||Download|
|The Sims 2||433 MB||Download|
|The Sims 2 – Castaway||293 MB||Download|
|The Sims 2 – Pets||761 MB||Download|
Download PPSSPP Game (U – Z)
|UFC 2010 Undisputed||1.27 GB||Download|
|Ultimate Ghost N Goblins||279 MB||Download|
|Ultimate Board Game Collection||58 MB||Download|
|Ultraman – Fighting Evolution 0 (Japan)||66 MB||Download|
|Unchained Blades (PSN)||239 MB||Download|
|Untold Legends – Brotherhood of the Blade||41 MB||Download|
|Valhalla Knights||150 MB||Download|
|Valkyria Chronicles II||725 MB||Download|
|Valkyrie Profile – Lenneth||465 MB||Download|
|Viewtiful Joe – Red Hot Rumble||300 MB||Download|
|Virtua Tennis – World Tour||90 MB||Download|
|Wand of Fortune – Mirai e no Prologue Portable (Japan)||857 MB||Download|
|Warriors, The||1.43 GB||Download|
|WRC – FIA World Rally Championship||325 MB||Download|
|WWE All Stars||1.25 GB||Download|
|WWE SmackDown vs. RAW 2011||1.25 GB||Download|
|WWE Smackdown Vs Raw 2008||1.32 GB||Download|
|Wild Arms XF||787 MB||Download|
|Wipe Out Pulse||205 MB||Download|
|World Soccer Winning Eleven 9||580 MB||Download|
|XI Coliseum (Japan)||304 MB||Download|
|Xiaolin Showdown||287 MB||Download|
|X-Men Legends II – Rise of Apocalypse||1.05 GB||Download|
|X-Men Origins – Wolverine||335 MB||Download|
|Xyanide Resurrection (Europe)||1.21 GB||Download|
|Yarudora Portable – Blood the Last Vampire (Japan)||1 GB||Download|
|Yggdra Union||490 MB||Download|
|Ys Seven||440 MB||Download|
|Yu-Gi-Oh! 5D’s Tag Force 5||630 MB||Download|
|Yu-Gi-Oh! GX Tag Force 3 (Europe)||788 MB||Download|
|Zendoku (Europe)||50 MB||Download|
|Zero Choaniki (Japan)||115 MB||Download|
|Zettai Meikyuu Grimm – Nanatsu no Kagi to Rakuen no Otome (Japan)||920 MB||Download|
|Zill O’ll Infinite Plus (Japan)||455 MB||Download|
|Zwei !! (Japan)||304 MB||Download|
DISCLAIMER: droidcops.com only provides information regarding the PPSSPP ISO game link that has been shared for free above. We are not responsible for any risks due to copyright infringement committed by users or other parties.
15 Smooth Android PPSSPP Game Recommendations
With so many lists like the one above, surely we are confused about which games are good.
Here are some recommendations for smooth Android PPSSPP game to play:
1. God of War: Chains of Olympus
If you are looking for the best PSP game of all time , you can try playing God of War: Chains of Olympus , gang. This game gets a rating of 91 on the Metacritic site, you know.
In this game, you will control a character named Kratos who intends to take revenge on all the gods in Olympus. However, the journey is not easy.
You have to face gods as well as terrible monsters like Medusa, Cyclops, and others. There are also puzzles that you have to solve to get to the next area.
|Details||God of War: Chains of Olympus|
|Developer||Ready at Dawn, Santa Monica Studio|
|Release Date||March 4, 2008|
|Rating||91 Points ( Metacritic )|
Download: God Of War Chains Of Olympus Iso
Optimized Version: GOW Chains Of Olympus CSO Optimized
2. Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars
Who hasn’t played games from the GTA franchise? Well, on the PSP there is also a GTA game, namely Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars .
Set in Chinatown, you will explore the world of crime and uncover corruption and crime within the Triad syndicate.
Besides having an exciting story, the gameplay of Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars is also really fun, you know. No wonder this game has a Metacritik score of 90 points.
|Details||Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars|
|Developer||Rockstar North, Rockstar Leeds, War Drum Studios|
|Release Date||March 17, 2009|
|Rating||90 Points ( Metacritic )|
Download: Grand Theft Auto – Chinatown Wars
Size: 548 MB
3. Shin Megami Tensei: Persona 3 Portable
The third position in the best PPSSPP game of all time is filled by Jaka’s favorite JRPG game, namely Shin Megami Tensei: Persona 3 Portable or commonly known as P3P.
In this game, you will be a member of a club at school that is secretly fighting terrible creatures with the power of Personas.
The plot that was raised was really exciting even though it seemed “dark”. Even so, those of you who like the Turn-Based RPG model will really like this game with a score of 89 points on Metacritic.
|Details||Shin Megami Tensei: Persona 3 Portable|
|Release Date||July 13, 2006|
|Rating||89 Points ( Metacritic )|
If the three games above are too serious for you, Jaka also has recommendations for other ISO PPSSPP games that are no less exciting even though the gameplay is simple.
Lumines is a puzzle genre game that has a gameplay similar to Tetris. However, music has an important role to complete this game.
Game with a score of 89 points Metacritic version has 24 challenging levels. The higher your level, the more unlockables you can get.
|Release Date||December 12, 2004|
|Rating||89 Points ( Metacritic )|
Size: 144 MB
5. Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker
If you are a fan of games made by Hideo Kojima and Konami, you must be familiar with the Metal Gear Solid game series .
On the PSP, you can also play games from the MGS franchise, you know. One of Jaka’s recommendations is Metal Gear Solid: Peacewalker which has a rating of 89 points from Metacritic.
In this action game, you will play the role of Big Boss aka Snake who is trying to take control of the nuclear bomb nicknamed ” Peace Walker “.
|Details||Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker|
|Release Date||April 28, 2010|
|Rating||89 Points ( Metacritic )|
Download: Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker
Size: 1417 MB
6. Wipeout Pure
Wipeout Pure is an unusual racing game where this game also carries the vehicular combat genre. You can use weapons to defeat your rivals.
This game carries a futuristic element where the race seems to ignore gravity. You will also control a vehicle that looks like a combination of a motorcycle and a jet plane.
The excitement of Wipeout Pure is also supported by its upbeat and cool soundtrack. In your opinion, this game with a score of 88 points deserves to be on this list, right?
|Release Date||March 24, 2005|
|Rating||88 Points ( Metacritic )|
7. Final Fantasy Tactics: The War of The Lions
It would be strange not to include games from the Final Fantasy franchise on this list. Reporting from Metacritic, Final Fantasy Tactics: The War of The Lions deserves to be on the list.
Final Fantasy Tactics: The War of The Lions carries a score of 88 points and won the PSP Game of The Year 2007 version of Metacritic.
This game is a remake version of the game of the same name which was released in 1997 and then released exclusively for the PSP platform. Must try, deh!
|Details||Final Fantasy Tactics: The War of The Lions|
|Developer||Square Enix, Tose|
|Release Date||May 10, 2007|
|Rating||88 Points ( Metacritic )|
Size: 215 MB
8. Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories
If you really love the GTA franchise, then don’t miss this best ISO PPSSPP game. Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories was released exclusively on the PSP in 2005.
Set in Liberty City or New York in the GTA universe , this game takes you on an adventure with Antonio “Toni” Cipriani to become the strongest gangster in the city.
Not only is the story interesting, you can also go on an adventure like other GTA games. Oh yes, this game also got a rating of 88 from the well-known site Metacritic , you know!
|Details||Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories|
|Developer||Rockstar Leeds, Rockstar North|
|Release Date||October 24, 2005|
|Rating||88 Points ( Metacritic )|
9. Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker
One of the smoothest Android PPSSPP game to play is Metal Gear Solid. For those of you who like action-adventure genre games, I don’t think it’s complete if you haven’t tried playing this one game. Apart from being challenging, various exciting missions must be completed.
10. Tekken 6
For fighting or fighting game lovers, maybe you are familiar with this one game. Yes, Tekken is an exciting fighting game that can be played on various platforms such as Playstation, PSP, Android, and Computer. One of the games that should be recommended because it is light and also smooth when played.
11. Need For Speed: Most Wanted
For those who like racing games, you can try playing the ppsspp game need for speed. We know that NFS has many series with different storylines, the most popular and successful series is Most Wanted, in which we will be faced with several professional racers that we have to beat.
12. Dragon Ball Z Shin Budokai
Do you still remember Goku, who was looking for a dragon ball to summon a dragon god? Surely children born in the 2000s are familiar with this cartoon. It appears in the form of a game where we can play it using the PPSSPP emulator on Android. There are many characters that can be used, such as Goku, Gohan, Krilin, Piccolo, Bejita, and many more.
13. Soul Calibur: Broken Destiny
With a capacity of only 300 MB, of course, Soul Calibur: Broken Destiny is one of the smoothest Android ppsspp game to play. This fighting genre game is very exciting and challenging, with good graphics; of course, it is no less cool than popular games like God of War.
Download: Soul Calibur – Broken Destiny
Size: 375 MB
14. Naruto Shippuden Ultimate Ninja Heroes
Who doesn’t know Naruto? It is a Japanese cartoon that has many fans from all over the world. Now comes in the form of a video game, and we can play the Naruto PPSSPP game smoothly on Android. One of the most played series is Naruto Shippuden Ultimate Ninja Heroes. This game is considered the first release and is very light so it can run smoothly on any device.
For those of you who like to play PS2 in a rental, of course, you are familiar with this game fighting. Basara is a mission where we will be faced with various royal troops so that later we will meet with the BOSS or the king. This game has the theme of ancient Japanese work, where we can choose various heroes that have been provided.
PPSSPP Naruto Game Collection
For you fans of the Naruto ninja anime series, now you can download the Naruto PPSSPP game and play it using an emulator.
There are various kinds of Naruto games available on this PSP console, and all of them you can try and play to your heart’s content.
The gameplay offered in each game is also quite diverse, so if you are bored with one of them, you can immediately play another game.
Here are some Naruto PPSSPP game collection games that you can download and try for free; let’s just check it out, gang!
1. Download PPSSPP Game Naruto Shippuden Ultimate Ninja Storm 4
This Naruto PPSSPP game is actually a modified game or MOD from the Naruto PSP game.
In this game, many new characters are added, and these characters certainly have different ways of fighting and different moves when used.
This Naruto game mod is arguably the latest PPSSPP Naruto game that you can download and play right now. Come on, just download the game from the link below.
Download Naruto Shippuden Ultimate Ninja Storm 4 here
2. Naruto – Ultimate Ninja Heroes
For those of you who miss the little Naruto character, this game can be played as a fun release medium.
Naruto – Ultimate Ninja Heroes is set before the Shippuden era, so the characters in this game are still very young, and their moves adjust to their abilities at that time.
Even so, this Naruto PPSSPP game is really suitable to be played as a nostalgic place to remember the glorious era of this ninja anime. Come on, just download it from the link below.
Download Naruto – Ultimate Ninja Heroes here
3. PPSSPP Game Naruto Shippuden – Legends – Akatsuki Rising
This Naruto PPSSPP game, recommended by Jaka, focuses on one of the most dominant groups of criminals in the Naruto series, especially if it’s not Akatsuki.
In this game, you will have the adventure to prevent this group of criminals from carrying out their various actions to disrupt the world.
For those who are interested, you can directly click the button below to download the ISO file.
Download Naruto Shippuden – Legends – Akatsuki Rising here
More collection of Naruto PPSSPP Game
In addition to the series of Naruto PPSSPP game above, there are still some PPSSPP ISO Naruto games that are worthy for you to try, and here is the complete list
- Naruto Ultimate Ninja 3: Download
- Naruto Shippudden Ultimate Ninja Impact: Download
- Naruto Shippuden Kizuna Drive : Download
- Naruto Shippuden Ultimate Ninja Heroes 2: Download
- Naruto Shippuden Ultimate Ninja Heroes 3: Download
- Naruto Shippuden Ultimate Ninja Impact: Download
How to Download PPSSPP Games for Android
Maybe you will be confused about how to download it; it’s actually very easy; you only need to use your laptop to install the program above, and later there will be instructions that say the download process will run.
After that, there will be a file in the form of RAR, ZIP, or ISO, which can be extracted and retrieved from the file inside. But if you have an ISO extension, all you have to do is enter it in the PPSSPP emulator application that you are using.
I think that’s enough for the Android ppsspp game this time; hopefully, it can help for those of you who are confused about finding the latest smooth and light ppsspp game download link. Wait for other game updates on Droidcops; hopefully, it’s useful and happy playing.
Are all the PSP emulator games free?
Yes most of the games are free you can download paid games for free at droidcops.com
Which is better ISO or CSO?
The ISO games are much more stable than the CSO games.